Compostable Coffee Capsules according to EN 13432
A compostable product is one that can be degraded biologically with other organic waste in individual or industrial compost, without release of toxic products, but leave nutrients for new crops.
EN13432 standard, a harmonized European standard published in 2000, defines and frames the characteristics of packaging and recyclable products through biodegradation and composting. The requirements of the EN13432 standard for biodegradable and compostable products are mainly reflected in four aspects:
- Biodegradation: 90% biodegradation in less than two months to be achieved
- Disintegration: fragmentation and complete loss of visibility in the final compost
- Composition: A maximum rate defined volatile solids, heavy metals must be respected
- Ecotoxicity: The quality of the compost should not be changed and the residue should not be toxic to the environment.
FEDESI (Federacion de Sociedades Cooperativas Cafetaleras de la Sierra Madre) produces SHG Fairtrade Organic coffee in Escuintla, Huixtla, Motozintla, Siltepec in the region of Chiapas (800 – 1,500 masl). FEDESI was founded by 6 groups located in the municipalities of Motozintla and Siltepec with the objective of providing support to small producers in finding new markets, financing and government support. Currently, the organization has 1,540 producers with a certified volume of 5600qq of fairtrade organic coffee. Each small group provided its own coffee production for the first year of the organization in 2016, and the coffee was sold locally.
Most of the partners of Cooperative FEDESI are small producers with 3 acres each. Each have their own wet mill and dry the coffees on their own patios. Being part of the Cooperative has allowed members of FEDESI to become stronger, reach their goals and gain access to higher market prices. Together they have established a renovation program, built a nursery and offered trainings for leaf rust treatment for producers. Moreover, they support their community with small producer financing.